Station Cove, Sumter NF, Pickens District, SC

Moderators: edfrank, dbhguru

Post Reply
User avatar
bbeduhn
Posts: 1215
Joined: Thu Feb 10, 2011 4:23 pm

Station Cove, Sumter NF, Pickens District, SC

Post by bbeduhn » Tue Aug 11, 2015 2:57 pm

Station Cove was measured in 2002 and 2003 by Jess Riddle. You can check out his figures in the old fieldtrips and localities section on the main page of NTS.

I went to Station primarily for reconnaissance, or treecon, and to see some really tall trees. I had much success at other sites the past week in getting quality shots of leaved out trees. Station provided more of a challenge. The trail is fairly popular and visitors are asked to remain on the trail. The rich cove is covered in herbaceous plants so I decided to stay on the trail. This winter I plan to meander a bit. The tallest trees were challenging and I had to rely on shooting the gaps in other trees so I have no idea if I was even close to the tops. The white oaks certainly go a good bit higher. The superlative hickories may go a good bit higher. Two have a chance at record height. Jess had one to 154' in 2002. The first numbers are from the lake at the historical site.

Pinus virginiana Va pine 97.0' 94.0'

Pinus echinata shortleaf 110.5'

Quercus coccinea scarlet oak 121.4'

Station Cove

Liquidambar styraciflua sweetgum 125.9'

Fagus gradifolia beech 134.1'

Quercus velotina black oak 118.4' 116.3'

Quercus alba white oak 122.8' 121.6' 121.1'

Quercus rubra red oak 122.0'

Fraxinus biltmoreana biltmore ash 126.0' 124.4' 121'

Tilia heterophylla basswood 117.4'

Carpinus caroliniana hornbeam 44.7'

Liriodendron tulipifera tulip 144.5'

Carya glabra pignut hickory 149.0' 136.1' 125.3' 123.4'

Caya cordiformis bitternut hickory 144.0' 134.8'

There is a chance that bitternut tops 160'. If so, it would be a new threshold for the species. It will be a full day of searching at this site this winter. At the historiacl site, a pair of mystery trees grow. I got pictures but my phone got wet on the next trail I hiked so they are in limbo. These trees bear a small yellow fruit that looks like seeds pressed together. Texturally, it's similar to osage orange, but much smaller and smaller individual seeds. A couple of old dogwoods also live at the historical site.

Cornus florida dogwood 38.4' 4'7" cbh

mystery tree 54.3' 5'11" cbh 44.0' 6'9" cbh

The mystery trees are badly decomposed in the interior and have developed cracks in their exteriors.

While measuring the tallest bitternut, a family approached me. The man, Steve Muzal, had been the coordinator for South Carolina's Big Tree Program from the early 80's to the early 2000's. Most people who ask me what I'm doing say "that's nice" when I tell them I'm measuring or identifying trees. Steve had more than a passing interest, obviously. Hopefully, he'll check out the NTS.
Last edited by bbeduhn on Tue Feb 23, 2016 4:12 pm, edited 1 time in total.

User avatar
Will Blozan
Posts: 1153
Joined: Fri Mar 12, 2010 7:13 pm

Re: Station Cove, Sumter NF, Pickens District, SC

Post by Will Blozan » Tue Aug 11, 2015 5:59 pm

Brian,

Very cool you met Steve!

BTW- bitternut has passed 160' on Burnt Spruce Ridge "supercove" in TN Smokies.

Will

User avatar
bbeduhn
Posts: 1215
Joined: Thu Feb 10, 2011 4:23 pm

Re: Station Cove, Sumter NF, Pickens District, SC

Post by bbeduhn » Tue Feb 23, 2016 4:11 pm

Station Cove is well known for having the greatest abundance of wildflowers in South Carolina. Its soils are calcareous with a bed of actinolite, and a part of the Brevard Belt. Jess Riddle reported on this area in 2003. I concentrated on the entire cove and then explored Station Mountain. Around Station Mountain, I came to a road. On the map, just one road showed up, so I thought I was actually around Tamassee Knob when I hit the road. I explored past the road and then sensing that there would be no way to make all of the way around Tamassee Knob, I took the road for a bit and followed a power line cut that I thought would take me to Tamassee Knob. I came out on the same road again but there was a cabin on the road. Fortunately, no one was there so I passed by and then bushwhacked to the summit, which was actually the summit of Station Mountain. I quickly scared up a few deer and proceeded to head in a downward trend. Soon, I hit the palmetto Trail and was quickly back at Station Cove.

In 2003, Jess had a Rucker of 138.4' in limited measuring. He was a little uncertain of the numbers for bitternut hickory and red elm. I spent plenty of time with both trees and they didn't disappoint. The ash at the base of the falls is just as impressive. The number of species in such a small area is astounding...and they're all very tall. The bitternut is the tallest known anywhere and the elm is the second tallest...more on that in an upcoming report. For some reason, bitternut doesn't make much of an impact aside from the sterling example. The ash is clearly a white ash, a rarity for the area. Every other ash I've seen and according to Jess is Biltmore ash. This one has the classic white ash bark and I assumed it was a tulip until I looked at the crown.

As far as hickories go, in 2003, a distinction between red and pignut was not made. Most of the hickories in the area are pignut with a fair number of red. The reds are always in areas with more sun exposure. Interstingly enough, a red resides very close to the falls but has a southwest exposure. Pignut tend to be in the more moist areas but high up in coves the two reside in close proximity. This past summer I visited the cove and listed one hickory as a bitternut but it was actually a pignut.

Station Cove

Carya cordiformis bitternut hickory 165.4' tallest in nation

Carya ovalis red hickory 143.3' 133.8'

Carya glabra pignut hickory 149.0' 143.3' 140.3' 133.5' 132.8'

Liriodendron tulipifera tulip 162.3' 160.3' 158.7' 156.5' 154.6' 154.5' 151.9'

Ulmus rubra red elm 139.0' 2nd tallest in state, nation? 125.8' 125.1'

Fraxinus Americana white ash 146.6'

Fagus grandifolia American beech 134.1' 128.4' 124.2'

Liquidambar styraciflua sweetgum 134.9' 128.4' 126.2'

Quercus rubra red oak 139.1' 134.5' 131.3' 130.2'

Quercus alba white oak 136.3' 128.4' 127.6' 125.7' 125.5'

Quercus velotina black oak 133.0' 118.9'

Magnolia acuminata cucumber 118.2'

Tilia heterophylla white basswood 127.9'

Prunus serotina black cherry 97.5'

Pinus echinata shortleaf 119.0'

Pinus strobus white pine 96.2' 30 years old by whorl count, by beaver dam


Station Mtn.

The 143' white oak sits at the confluence of two small creeks, just two coves from Station Cove. Each of these coves have waterfalls as well.

Quercus rubra red oak 138.2' 137.5' 137.4' 133.7'

Quercus alba white oak 143.3' 138.0' 133.2' 132.4' 130.3' 129.2' 128.6'

Quercus montana chestnut oak 131.2' 122.2'

Liriodendron tulipifera tulip 144.6'

Ulmus rubra red elm 126.1'

Pinus echinata shortleaf 125.6' 124.1'

Pinus virginiana VA pine 119.1' 3rd tallest in state
8'1" cbh  165.4'
8'1" cbh 165.4'
bitternut hickory 165.4'
bitternut hickory 165.4'
[/attachment]
white ash 146.6'
white ash 146.6'
Station Falls
Station Falls
white oak 8'8" 143.3'
white oak 8'8" 143.3'
white oak 143.3'
white oak 143.3'
recent clearcutting
recent clearcutting

User avatar
bbeduhn
Posts: 1215
Joined: Thu Feb 10, 2011 4:23 pm

Re: Station Cove, Sumter NF, Pickens District, SC

Post by bbeduhn » Tue Feb 23, 2016 4:28 pm

The Rucker for Station Cove

bitternut hick 165.4'
tulip 162.3'
pignut hickory 149.0'
white ash 146.6'
red hickory 143.3'
red oak 139.1'
red elm 139.0'
white oak 136.3'
sweetgum 134.9'
beech 134.1'

R10= 145.0'

Station Cove and Mountain

white oak 143.3'
chestnut oak from Jess 143.9'

R10= 146.82'

User avatar
Jess Riddle
Posts: 440
Joined: Sun Mar 14, 2010 10:59 am

Re: Station Cove, Sumter NF, Pickens District, SC

Post by Jess Riddle » Sun Mar 20, 2016 8:13 pm

Brian,

Did you see my reply to a post of yours (http://ents-bbs.org/viewtopic.php?f=69& ... 142#p36142)? I measured these same trees just a few months ago. It would be really good if we could coordinate remeasuring on these sites, so no one is wasting their time. As several people on these boards have said, ‘so many trees so little time’.

Jess

User avatar
bbeduhn
Posts: 1215
Joined: Thu Feb 10, 2011 4:23 pm

Re: Station Cove, Sumter NF, Pickens District, SC

Post by bbeduhn » Mon Mar 21, 2016 1:35 pm

Jess,
I missed that post. I'll be interested in what you came up with for Station. Did you get to the super straight and tall white oak at the east end of Tamassee?
Brian

User avatar
Jess Riddle
Posts: 440
Joined: Sun Mar 14, 2010 10:59 am

Re: Station Cove, Sumter NF, Pickens District, SC

Post by Jess Riddle » Mon Mar 21, 2016 9:16 pm

Brian,

Both Will and I thought that white oak might be over 150' by now, so I made a point of getting back there. Oddly enough, it's the only healthy tree that came out shorter than previously measured. I felt like I had a good shot on it, shooting straight up gave a similar result, and there was no apparent crown damage, but the best I could come up with was 'only' 144.0'.
DSCN2189.JPG
Jess

Post Reply

Return to “South Carolina”